The details below will compare Microsoft Azure services to Amazon Web Services (AWS), though the breadth and depth of capabilities of these services will vary.

Area AWS service Azure service Description
Marketplace AWS Marketplace Azure Marketplace Easy-to-deploy and automatically configured third-party applications, including single virtual machine or multiple virtual machine solutions.


Area AWS service Azure service Description
Virtual servers Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) Instances Azure Virtual Machines Virtual servers allow users to deploy, manage, and maintain OS and server software. Instance types provide combinations of CPU/RAM. Users pay for what they use with the flexibility to change sizes.
  Amazon Lightsail Azure Virtual Machines & Images Collection of virtual machine templates to select from when building out your virtual machine.
Container instances EC2 Container Service (ECS) Azure Container Service Azure Container Instances is the fastest and simplest way to run a container in Azure, without having to provision any virtual machines or adopt a higher-level orchestration service.
  EC2 Container Registry Azure Container Registry Allows customers to store Docker formatted images. Used to create all types of container deployments on Azure.
Microservices / container orchestrators Elastic Container Service for Kubernetes (EKS) Azure Kubernetes Service (AKS) Deploy orchestrated containerized applications with Kubernetes. Simplify monitoring and cluster management through auto upgrades and a built-in operations console.
    Service Fabric A compute service that orchestrates and manages the execution, lifetime, and resilience of complex, inter-related code components that can be either stateless or stateful.
    Azure Container Service (ACS) Quickly deploy a production ready Kubernetes, DC/OS, or Docker Swarm cluster
Serverless Lambda Azure Functions  Integrate systems and run backend processes in response to events or schedules without provisioning or managing servers.
    Azure Event Grid  
  Lambda @ Edge Functions on Azure IoT Edge Runs functions at the edge (directly on IoT devices) even with intermittent cloud connectivity.
Backend process logic   Web Jobs Provides an easy way to run background processes in an application context.
Batch computing AWS Batch Azure Batch Run large-scale parallel and high-performance computing applications efficiently in the cloud.
Scalability AWS Auto Scaling Virtual Machine Scale Sets  Lets you automatically change the number of instances providing a particular compute workload. You set defined metric and thresholds that determine if the platform adds or removes instances.
    Azure App Service Scale Capability (PAAS)   
    Azure AutoScaling


Area AWS service Azure service Description
Object storage Simple Storage Services (S3) Azure Storage—Block Blob (for content logs, files) (Standard—Hot) Object storage service, for use cases including cloud applications, content distribution, backup, archiving, disaster recovery, and big data analytics.
Virtual Server disk infrastructure Elastic Block Store (EBS) Azure Storage Disk—Page Blobs (for VHDs or other random-write type data)  SSD storage optimized for I/O intensive read/write operations. For use as high performance Azure virtual machine storage.
    Azure Storage Disks—Premium Storage  
Shared file storage Elastic File System Azure Files (file share between VMs) Provides a simple interface to create and configure file systems quickly, and share common files. It’s shared file storage without the need for a supporting virtual machine, and can be used with traditional protocols that access files over a network.
Archiving—cool storage S3 Infrequent Access (IA) Azure Storage—Standard Cool Cool storage is a lower cost tier for storing data that is infrequently accessed and long-lived.
Archiving—cold storage S3 Glacier Azure Storage-Standard Archive Archive storage has the lowest storage cost and higher data retrieval costs compared to hot and cool storage.
Backup None Azure Backup Backup and archival solutions allow files and folders to be backed up and recovered from the cloud, and provide off-site protection against data loss. There are two components of backup—the software service that orchestrates backup/retrieval and the underlying backup storage infrastructure.
Hybrid storage Storage Gateway StorSimple Integrates on-premises IT environments with cloud storage. Automates data management and storage, plus supports disaster recovery.
Bulk data transfer AWS Import/Export Disk Import/Export A data transport solution that uses secure disks and appliances to transfer large amounts of data. Also offers data protection during transit.
  AWS Import/Export Snowball Azure Data Box Petabyte- to Exabyte-scale data transport solution that uses secure data storage devices to transfer large amounts of data into and out of the AWS cloud, at lower cost than Internet-based transfers.
  AWS Snowball Edge    
  AWS Snowmobile    
Disaster recovery None Site Recovery Automates protection and replication of virtual machines. Offers health monitoring, recovery plans, and recovery plan testing.


Networking and content delivery      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Cloud virtual networking Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) Virtual Network Provides an isolated, private environment in the cloud. Users have control over their virtual networking environment, including selection of their own IP address range, creation of subnets, and configuration of route tables and network gateways.
Cross-premises connectivity AWS VPN Gateway Azure VPN Gateway Azure VPN Gateways connect Azure virtual networks to other Azure virtual networks, or customer on-premises networks (Site To Site). It also allows end users to connect to Azure services through VPN tunneling (Point To Site).
Domain name system management Route 53 Azure DNS Manage your DNS records using the same credentials and billing and support contract as your other Azure services
  Route 53 Traffic Manager A service that hosts domain names, plus routes users to Internet applications, connects user requests to datacenters, manages traffic to apps, and improves app availability with automatic failover.
Content delivery network CloudFront Azure Content Delivery Network A global content delivery network that delivers audio, video, applications, images, and other files.
Dedicated network Direct Connect ExpressRoute Establishes a dedicated, private network connection from a location to the cloud provider (not over the Internet).
Load balancing Classic Load Balancer  Load Balancer  Automatically distributes incoming application traffic to add scale, handle failover, and route to a collection of resources.
  Network Load Balancer  Application Gateway  
  Application Load Balancer  


Area AWS Service Azure Service Description
Relational database RDS SQL Database Relational database-as-a-service (DBaaS) where the database resilience, scale, and maintenance are primarily handled by the platform.
    Azure Database for MySQL  
    Azure Database for PostgreSQL  
NoSQL—document storage DynamoDB Azure Cosmos DB A globally distributed, multi-model database that natively supports multiple data models: key-value, documents, graphs, and columnar.
NoSQL—key/value storage DynamoDB and SimpleDB Table Storage A nonrelational data store for semi-structured data. Developers store and query data items via web services requests.
Caching ElastiCache Azure Redis Cache An in-memory-based, distributed caching service that provides a high-performance store typically used to offload nontransactional work from a database.
Database migration Database Migration Service (Preview) Azure Database Migration Service Typically is focused on the migration of database schema and data from one database format to a specific database technology in the cloud.


Analytics and big data      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Elastic data warehouse Redshift SQL Data Warehouse A fully managed data warehouse that analyzes data using business intelligence tools. It can transact SQL queries across relational and nonrelational data.
Big data processing Elastic MapReduce (EMR) HDInsight Supports technologies that break up large data processing tasks into multiple jobs, and then combine the results to enable massive parallelism.
Data orchestration Data Pipeline Data Factory Processes and moves data between different compute and storage services, as well as on-premises data sources at specified intervals. Users can create, schedule, orchestrate, and manage data pipelines.
  AWS Glue Data Factory  Cloud-based ETL/data integration service that orchestrates and automates the movement and transformation of data from various sources.
    Data Catalog  
Analytics Kinesis Analytics Stream Analytics  Storage and analysis platforms that create insights from large quantities of data, or data that originates from many sources.
    Data Lake Analytics   
    Data Lake Store  
Visualization QuickSight (Preview) PowerBI Business intelligence tools that build visualizations, perform ad hoc analysis, and develop business insights from data.
  None Power BI Embedded Allows visualization and data analysis tools to be embedded in applications.
Search Elasticsearch Service Marketplace—Elasticsearch A scalable search server based on Apache Lucene.
  CloudSearch Azure Search Delivers full-text search and related search analytics and capabilities.
Machine learning Machine Learning Azure Machine Learning Studio  Produces an end-to-end workflow to create, process, refine, and publish predictive models that can be used to understand what might happen from complex data sets.
    Azure Machine Learning Workbench  
Data discovery None Data Catalog Provides the ability to better register, enrich, discover, understand, and consume data sources.
  Amazon Athena Azure Data Lake Analytics Provides a serverless interactive query service that uses standard SQL for analyzing databases.


Area AWS service Azure service Description
Conversational user interfaces virtual personal assistant Alexa Skills Kits Cortana Intelligence Suite —Cortana Integration Services cover intelligence cognitive services, machine learning, analytics, information management, big data and dashboards and visualizations.
    Microsoft Bot Framework + Azure Bot Service Builds and connects intelligent bots that interact with your users using text/SMS, Skype, Teams, Slack, Office 365 mail, Twitter, and other popular services.
Speech recognition Amazon Lex Bing Speech API API capable of converting speech to text, understanding intent, and converting text back to speech for natural responsiveness.
    Language Understanding Intelligent Service (LUIS) Allows your applications to understand user commands contextually.
    Speaker Recognition API Gives your app the ability to recognize individual speakers.
    Custom Recognition Intelligent Service (CRIS) Fine-tunes speech recognition to eliminate barriers such as speaking style, background noise, and vocabulary.
Text to Speech Amazon Polly Bing Speech API Enables both Speech to Text, and Text into Speech capabilities.
Visual recognition Amazon Rekognition Computer Vision API Distills actionable information from images, generates captions and identifies objects in images.
    Face API Detects, identifies, analyzes, organizes, and tags faces in photos.
    Emotions API Recognizes emotions in images.
    Video API Intelligent video processing produces stable video output, detects motion, creates intelligent thumbnails, detects and tracks faces.


Internet of things (IoT)      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Internet of Things AWS IoT Other Services (Kinesis, Machine Learning, EMR, Data Pipeline, SNS, QuickSight) Azure IoT Suite (IoT Hub, Machine Learning, Stream Analytics, Notification Hubs, PowerBI) Provides a preconfigured solution for monitoring, maintaining, and deploying common IoT scenarios.
  AWS IoT Azure IoT Hub A cloud gateway for managing bidirectional communication with billions of IoT devices, securely and at scale.
Edge compute for IoT AWS Greengrass Azure IoT Edge Managed service that deploys cloud intelligence directly on IoT devices to run in on-prem scenarios.
Streaming data Kinesis Firehose  Event Hubs Services that allow the mass ingestion of small data inputs, typically from devices and sensors, to process and route the data.
  Kinesis Streams  


Management and monitoring      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Cloud advisor Trusted Advisor Azure Advisor Provides analysis of cloud resource configuration and security so subscribers can ensure they’re making use of best practices and optimum configurations.
Deployment orchestration (DevOps) OpsWorks (Chef-based) Azure Automation Configures and operates applications of all shapes and sizes, and provides templates to create and manage a collection of resources.
  CloudFormation Azure Resource Manager  Provides a way for users to automate the manual, long-running, error-prone, and frequently repeated IT tasks.
    VM extensions   
    Azure Automation  
Management & monitoring (DevOps) CloudWatch Azure portal  A unified console that simplifies building, deploying, and managing your cloud resources.
    Azure Monitor  
  CloudWatch Azure Application Insights + Azure Monitor An extensible analytics service that helps you understand the performance and usage of your live web application. It’s designed for developers, to help you continuously improve the performance and usability of your app.
  AWS X-Ray Azure Application Insights + Azure Monitor An extensible application performance management service for web developers on multiple platforms. You can use it to monitor your live web application, detect performance anomalies, and diagnose issues with your app.
  AWS Usage and Billing Report Azure Billing API Services to help generate, monitor, forecast, and share billing data for resource usage by time, organization, or product resources.
  AWS Management Console Azure portal A unified management console that simplifies building, deploying, and operating your cloud resources.
Administration AWS Application Discovery Service Azure Log Analytics in Operations Management Suite Provides deeper insights into your application and workloads by collecting, correlating and visualizing all your machine data, such as event logs, network logs, performance data, and much more, from both on-premises and cloud assets.
  Amazon EC2 Systems Manager Microsoft Operations Management Suite—Automation and Control functionalities Enables continuous IT services and compliance through process automation and configuration management. You can transform complex and repetitive tasks with IT automation.
  AWS Personal Health Dashboard Azure Resource Health Provides detailed information about the health of resources as well as recommended actions for maintaining resource health.
  Third Party Azure Storage Explorer Standalone app from Microsoft that allows you to easily work with Azure Storage data on Windows, Mac OS, and Linux.


Mobile services      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Pro app development Mobile Hub Mobile Apps  Provides backend mobile services for rapid development of mobile solutions, identity management, data synchronization, and storage and notifications across devices.
    Xamarin Apps  
  Mobile SDK Mobile Apps Provides the technology to rapidly build cross-platform and native apps for mobile devices.
  Cognito Mobile Apps Provides authentication capabilities for mobile applications.
App testing AWS Device Farm Xamarin Test Cloud (front end) Provides services to support testing mobile applications.
Analytics Mobile Analytics HockeyApp  Supports monitoring, and feedback collection for the debugging and analysis of a mobile application service quality.
    Application Insights  
Enterprise mobility management None Intune Provides mobile device management, mobile application management, and PC management capabilities from the cloud.


Security, identity, and access      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Authentication and authorization Identity and Access Management (IAM) Azure Active Directory  Allows users to securely control access to services and resources while offering data security and protection. Create and manage users and groups, and use permissions to allow and deny access to resources.
    Azure Active Directory Premium  
  AWS Organizations Azure Subscription and Service Management + Azure RBAC Security policy and role management for working with multiple accounts.
  Multi-Factor Authentication Multi-Factor Authentication Helps safeguard access to data and applications while meeting user demand for a simple sign-in process. It delivers strong authentication with a range of verification options, allowing users to choose the method they prefer.
Information protection None Azure Information Protection Service to help control and secure email, documents, and sensitive data that you share outside your company walls.
Encryption Server-side encryption with Amazon S3 Key Management Service Azure Storage Service Encryption Helps you protect and safeguard your data and meet your organizational security and compliance commitments.
  Key Management Service  Key Vault Provides security solution and works with other services by providing a way to manage, create, and control encryption keys stored in hardware security modules (HSM).
Firewall Web Application Firewall Application Gateway Web Application Firewall (preview) A firewall that protects web applications from common web exploits. Users can define customizable web security rules.
Security Inspector Security Center An automated security assessment service that improves the security and compliance of applications. Automatically assess applications for vulnerabilities or deviations from best practices.
  Certificate Manager App Service Certificates available on the Portal Service that allows customers to create, manage and consume certificates seamlessly in the cloud.
  GuardDuty Azure AD, Operations Management Suite (OMS), Security Center Azure offers built-in advanced threat detection functionality, which can be configured and customized to meet your requirements. For more information, see Azure advanced threat detection.
Directory services AWS Directory Service + Windows Server Active Directory on AWS Azure Active Directory Domain Services + Windows Server Active Directory on Azure IaaS Comprehensive identity and access management cloud solution that provides a robust set of capabilities to manage users and groups. It helps secure access to on-premises and cloud applications, including Microsoft online services like Office 365 and many non-Microsoft SaaS applications.
  Cognito Azure Active Directory B2C A highly available, global, identity management service for consumer-facing applications that scales to hundreds of millions of identities.
  AWS Directory Service Windows Server Active Directory Services for supporting Microsoft Active Directory in the cloud.
Compliance AWS Artifact Service Trust Platform Provides access to audit reports, compliance guides, and trust documents from across cloud services.
Security AWS Shield Azure DDos Protection Service (Preview) Provides cloud services with protection from distributed denial of services (DDoS) attacks.


Developer tools      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Media transcoding Elastic Transcoder Media Services Services that offer broadcast-quality video streaming services, including various transcoding technologies.
Email Simple Email Service (SES) Marketplace—Email Services for integrating email functionality into applications.
Messaging Simple Queue Service (SQS) Azure Queue Storage Provides a managed message queueing service for communicating between decoupled application components.
Messaging Simple Queue Service (SQS) Service Bus Queues, Topics, Relays Supports a set of cloud-based, message-oriented middleware technologies including reliable message queuing and durable publish/subscribe messaging.
Workflow Simple Workflow Service (SWF) Logic Apps Serverless technology for connecting apps, data and devices anywhere—on-premises or in the cloud for large ecosystems of SaaS and cloud based connectors.
API management API Gateway API Management A turnkey solution for publishing APIs to external and internal consumers.
  Elastic Beanstalk Web Apps (App Service) Managed hosting platforms providing easy to use services for deploying and scaling web applications and services.
    Cloud Services   
    API Apps (App Service)  
  CodeDeploy  Visual Studio Team Services Developer tools for scripting application deployment.
  AWS Developer Tools Azure Developer Tools Collection of tools for building, debugging, deploying, diagnosing, and managing multi-platform, scalable apps and services.
    Power Apps Technology to rapidly build business solutions, connecting to existing services and data sources such as Excel, SharePoint, Dynamics 365, and more using a visual designer.
App testing None Azure DevTest Labs (backend) Testing technology to build out heterogeneous solutions for testing cross-platform functionality to your dev/test environment. Integrates to a full DevOps Continuous Integration/Deployment with Visual Studio Online service and 3rd parties such as Jenkins, Chef, Puppet, CloudTest Lite, Octopus Deploy, and others.
App customer payment service Amazon Flexible Payment Service and Amazon Dev Pay None Cloud service that provides developers a payment service for their cloud based applications.
Game development (cloud-based tools) GameLift None AWS managed service for hosting dedicated game servers.
  Lumberyard None Game engine integrated with AWS and Twitch.
DevOps AWS CodeBuild Visual Studio Team Services Fully managed build service that supports continuous integration and deployment.
Backend process logic AWS Step Functions Logic Apps Cloud technology to build distributed applications using out-of-the-box connectors to reduce integration challenges. Connect apps, data and devices on-premises or in the cloud.
Programmatic access Command Line Interface Azure Command Line Interface (CLI)  Built on top of the native REST API across all cloud services, various programming language-specific wrappers provide easier ways to create solutions.
    Azure PowerShell  
Predefined templates AWS Quick Start Azure Quickstart templates Community-led templates for creating and deploying virtual machine-based solutions.


Enterprise integration      
Area AWS service Azure service Description
Enterprise app integration None Logic Apps Provides out-of-the box line-of-business application integration for SAP, Oracle, SQL Server, and Websphere MQ. Connect apps, data, and devices on-premises or in the cloud with our large ecosystem of SaaS and cloud-based connectors, including Salesforce, Office 365, Twitter, Dropbox, Google Services, and more.
Enterprise application services None Dynamics 365 Dynamics 365 delivers the full spectrum of CRM through five individual apps— Sales, Customer Service, Field Service, Project Service Automation, and Marketing —that work seamlessly together.
  Amazon WorkMail  Office 365 Fully integrated Cloud service providing communications, email, document management in the cloud and available on a wide variety of devices.
  Amazon WorkDocs    
Content management in the cloud None SharePoint Online Provides a collaborative way for individuals, teams, and organizations to intelligently discover, share, and collaborate on content from anywhere and on any device.
Commercial PAAS-IAAS-DBaaS framework None Azure Stack A hybrid cloud platform that lets you deliver Azure services from your organization’s datacenter.